The efficacy and safety of acupuncture in women with primary dysmenorrhea


Primary dysmenorrhea is defined as cramping pain during menstruation without any identifiable pelvic pathology,[1] and it affects most women throughout the menstrual years.[2] Many studies have reported that the prevalence of primary dysmenorrhea varied from approximately 50% to 90%,[3–6] and 13% to 51% had to limit daily activities, such as school or work absenteeism.


The results of this study suggest that acupuncture might reduce menstrual pain and associated symptoms more effectively compared to no treatment or NSAIDs, and the efficacy could be maintained during a short-term follow-up period. Despite limitations due to the low quality and methodological restrictions of the included studies, acupuncture might be used as an effective and safe treatment for females with primary dysmenorrhea.

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